Alternativer Identifier:
(KITopen-DOI) 10.5445/IR/1000132261
Verwandter Identifier:
-
Ersteller/in:
Kiselev, Alexei [Kiselev, Alexei]
Beitragende:
(Other)
Keinert, Alice [Keinert, Alice]

(Other)
Gaedeke, Tilia [Gaedeke, Tilia]

(Other)
Leisner, Thomas https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9693-7671 [Leisner, Thomas]

(Other)
Sutter, Christoph [Sutter, Christoph]

(Other)
Petrishcheva, Elena [Petrishcheva, Elena]

(Other)
Abart, Rainer [Abart, Rainer]
Titel:
Supplementary data for the manuscript "Effect of chemically induced fracturing on the ice nucleation activity of alkali feldspar" by Kiselev et al., ACP 2021
Weitere Titel:
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Beschreibung:
(Abstract) Feldspar is an important constituent of airborne mineral dust. Some alkali feldspars exhibit particularly high ice nucleation (IN) activity. This has been related to structural similarities of the ice (10-10) prism planes and the (100) planes of alkali feldspar. Here the effect of generating surfaces with close to (100) orientation by means of chemically induced fracturing on the IN activity of alkali feldspar was investigated experimentally. Gem quality K-rich alkali feldspar was shifted towards more Na-rich compositions by cation exchange with an NaCl-KCl salt melt at 850°C, and a system of parallel cracks with an orientation close to (100) was induced. Droplet freezing assay experiments performed on grain mounts of the cation exchanged alkali feldspars revealed an increase of the overall density of ice nucleating active sites (INAS) with respect to the untreated feldspar. In addition, annealing at 550°C subsequent to primary cation exchange further enhanced the INAS density and lead to IN activity at exceptionally high temperatures. Although very efficient in experiment, fracturing by cation exchange is unlikely to be of relevance in the conditioning of alkali feldspars in nature. However, parting planes with similar orientation as the chemically induced cracks may be generated in lamellar microstructures resulting from the exsolution of initially homogeneous alkali feldspar, a widespread phenomenon in natural alkali feldspar known as perthite formation. Perthitic alkali feldspars indeed show the highest IN activity. We ascribe this phenomenon to the preferential exposure of crystal surfaces oriented sub-parallel to (100).
(Technical Remarks) The data represented in Figure 3 and Figure 4 of the manuscript in the table form, for detailed explanation see text
Schlagworte:
Atmospheric ice
supercooled water
heterogeneous nucleation
mineral dust
rock-forming minerals
perthitic feldspar
crystallization of water
ice crystal growth
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Fachgebiet:
Geological Science
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Dataset
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Rechteinhaber/in:
Kiselev, Alexei
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2023-06-24
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