Alternativer Identifier:
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Verwandter Identifier:
(Is Supplement To) 10.1029/2022JG006848 - DOI
Ersteller/in:
Kraus, David https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2485-8389 [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany]

Werner, Christian https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7032-8683 [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany]

Janz, Baldur https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4477-2462 [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany]

Klatt, Steffen [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany]

Sander, Björn Ole https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7967-6147 [International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines]

Wassmann, Reiner https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3249-3503 [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany]

Kiese, Ralf https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2814-4888 [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany]

Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9499-6598 [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany]
Beitragende:
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Titel:
Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Potential of Alternate Wetting and Drying for Rrice Production at National Scale – A Modelling Case Study for the Philippines
Weitere Titel:
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Beschreibung:
(Abstract) Worldwide, rice production contributes about 10% of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the agricultural sector, mainly due to CH4 emissions from continuously flooded (CF) fields. Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) is a promising crop technology for mitigating CH4 emissions and reducing the irrigation water currently being applied in many of the world's top rice-producing countries. However, decreased emissions of CH4 may be partially counterbalanced by increased N2O emissions. In this case study for the Philippines, the national mitigation potential of AWD is explored using the process-based biogeochemical model LandscapeDNDC. Simulated mean annual CH4 emissions under conventional rice production for the time period 2000 - 2011 are estimated as 1,180163 Gg CH4 yr-1. During the cropping season, this is about +16% higher than a former estimate using emission factors. Scenario simulations of nationwide introduction of AWD in irrigated landscapes suggest a considerable decrease of CH4 emissions by -23%, while N2O emissions are only increased by +8%. Irrespective of field management, at national scale the radiative forcing of irrigated rice production is always dominated by CH4 (>95%). The reduction potential of GHG emissions depends on, e.g., number of crops per year, residue management, amount of applied irrigation water and sand content. Seasonal weather conditions also play an important role, since the mitigation potential of AWD is almost double as high in dry as compared to wet seasons. Furthermore, this study demonstrates the importance of temporal continuity, considering off-season emissions and the long-term development of GHG emissions across multiple years.
Schlagworte:
Rice production systems, Alternate Wetting and Drying, Greenhouse gas emissions, Inventories, Biogeochemical modelling
Zugehörige Informationen:
This study was conducted as part of the multidisciplinary research project ICON: ‘Introducing Non-Flooded Crops in Rice- Dominated Landscapes: Impacts on Carbon, Nitrogen and Water Cycles’. We thank the German Research Foundation (DFG) for its generous funding (FOR 1701, BU1173/13-1/2 and KI1431/3-1/2).
Sprache:
Englisch
Herausgeber/in:
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Erstellungsjahr:
Fachgebiet:
Geological Science
Environmental Science and Ecology
Objekttyp:
Dataset
Datenquelle:
-
Verwendete Software:
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Datenverarbeitung:
-
Erscheinungsjahr:
Rechteinhaber/in:
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Förderung:
DFG - (FOR 1701)
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Status:
Publiziert
Eingestellt von:
871893860b7f52e7214215615a0c1fcf
Erstellt am:
Archivierungsdatum:
2022-04-25
Archivgröße:
8,4 GB
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